Sanctification is the second phase of the work of salvation. It is commonly referred to as the second work of grace. After one repents of his volition or committed sins, assuming full responsibility for his sins through repentance, another need manifests itself. There it is soon discovered, ‘a foe’ in the temple not subject to God. The Adamic nature or the inherent sin, or the ‘sin principle’ is what all men are born with after the fall in the garden. There is a definite inclination after being justified to be selfish and to be disinclined to suffer. If left to its own devices, it will lead a man back into sin. The need for sanctification is symbolized in type in the Old Testament by the Israelites crossing the Red Sea. The crossing of the Red Sea symbolizes justification and the crossing of Jordan symbolizes sanctification.
Also, 1Kings 19:4-8 teaches us that the angel of the Lord touched the prophet Elijah once and then twice,” because the journey is too great for thee” Another type is found in the New Testament in Mark 8:22-25 we see that when the blind man received the first touch he saw men as trees, but after the second touch, he ‘saw’ every man clearly. Sanctification involves consecration, a cleansing of inherent sin, and infilling of the Holy Ghost. Webster states sanctification as: the act of God’s grace by which the affections of men are purified, or alienated from sin and the world and exalted to a supreme love to God. Scriptures referring to this subject include: 2 Thess. 2:13; Rom 12:1-2; John 17:17 Eph 5:25-26; 1 Peter 1:2; 1 Thess. 5:23-24; 2 Tim 2:21.
The New Testament does not teach that speaking in tongues is evidence of having received the Holy Ghost. In Acts 2:1-8 we notice the disciples heard each other praising God in his own native tongue or language, without the need of an interpreter. Paul exhorts the brethren in 1Cor. 14:27-28 that speaking in an unknown tongue or language was not to be permitted in their assemblies without an interpreter. That is if a congregation is predominately Greek and one begins to testify or prophesy in Italian, he could not edify the congregation, because they do not know the language. Again, sanctification is for those that are justified and not for the unsaved. 1Cor. 14:22 is very clear, “wherefore tongues (as witnessed in Acts) are for a sign, not to them that believe not but for them which believe not.”